Indigenous Protected Areas (IPAs)

This program has been helping Indigenous communities voluntarily dedicate their land or sea country as Indigenous Protected Areas (IPAs) since 1997.

Most IPAs are dedicated under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Categories 5 and 6, which promote a balance between conservation and other sustainable uses to deliver social, cultural and economic benefits for local Indigenous communities.

IPAs combine traditional and contemporary knowledge into a framework to leverage partnerships with conservation and commercial organisations and provide employment, education and training opportunities for Indigenous people.

IPA projects are supported through a multi-year funding agreement. Many Indigenous organisations also supplement this funding through fee-for service or other income generating activities, as well as support from private sector and philanthropic organisations.

IPAs are recognised as part of the National Reserve System, protecting the nation’s biodiversity for the benefit of all Australians. 

On 1 July 2018, funding for existing IPA projects was transferred from the Natural Heritage Trust to the Indigenous Advancement Strategy.

Indigenous Protected Areas (IPAs) 2018
Dedicated IPAs 75
Total area 67,307,773 hectares1
Percentage of National Reserve System 44.6%

1The previously published figure of 67,312,453 hectares included a small number of overlapping dedicated areas and incorrect coding of some terrestrial areas.

Project locations


  • 1997 Indigenous Protected Areas program was established.
  • There are 75 IPAs that make up 44 per cent of Australia’s National Reserve System, managed for the benefit of all Australians.
  • Over 900 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are employed in full-time, part-time and casual jobs under the IPA program.
  • Over 60 per cent of IPAs are managed by Australian Government funded Indigenous ranger groups.
  • On 27 August 2018, the Nantawarrina IPA celebrated its 20th anniversary. It was the first dedicated IPA.

New Indigenous Protected Areas (Natural Heritage Trust)

In the 2017 Budget, the Australian Government committed $1.1 billion for the next phase of the National Landcare Program – this includes an additional $15 million for new IPAs. The new IPA program 2017-2021 is funded by the Department of the Environment and Energy, through the Natural Heritage Trust.

Further information on new IPAs can be found on the Department of the Environment and Energy’s Indigenous Protected Areas webpage.

Latest News


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are advised that this website may contain images and voices of deceased people.